971 20 15 12
IOM / Palma
971 201 512
971 726 913
Emergencies will be attended Monday to Friday, from 8:30 a.m. to 8 p.m., at the headquarters of IOM (Ophthalmologic Institute of Majorca). Out of this time, you have at your disposal our 24h ward service, which is located at Clínica Rotger in Palma.
Progressive disease of the blood vessels and retinal tissue in sufferers of diabetes.
The duration of the diabetes is the main factor in the appearance of retinopathy. It is accepted that controlling the underlying illness delays its appearance.
Hyperglycemia causes alterations to the walls of the blood vessels, they become more permeable and allow liquid (edema) to leak and even burst (hemorrhage). All of this causes a reduction of irrigation which, in an effort to repair itself, causes a proliferation of anomalous vessels (neovessels) which bleed even more readily.
Other factors which have negative effects are: hypertension, hyperlipidemia, obesity and smoking.
May initially be symptomless. Then blurred vision which may become severe and even complete.
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is the technique of choice, is painless and has no side-effects. Makes it possible to measure the thickening of the retina due to the edema and control its development.
Fluorescein angiography, a technique with endovenous contrast, is sometimes indispensable.
Always depending on the state it has reached: