What is it?
A reduction of visual sharpness without any organic injury causing it. Consequence of lack of visual stimulation during development which affects the neuronal centres which control vision. Almost always unilateral although it may be bilateral. Normally associated with a refractive error (myopia, hyperopia or astigmatism) or strabismus.
- Early detection and determination of the cause is vital
- Refraction error corrected by spectacles, contact lenses, etc.
- Visual therapy
- Surgery (in some cases)